DARPA continues to march full steam ahead in its quest to reverse engineer the human brain. On August 14th the military research arm of the U.S government solicited information that could lead to the development of a "Cortical Processor" - essentially a processing system that can simulate the human brain's neocortex; the area responsible for sensory understanding, thought, and language.
This new request is an extension of its ongoing program to fund research that ultimately seeks to create full-fledged Artificial Intelligence for a range of applications.
So far there has been a slow, but sure merging of hardware and software that is comprehensively attempting to reconstruct the brain by creating computer chips and software that can parallel process information, while consuming very little power, in the same way that humans are able to do.
A look at the full Request For Information, DARPA-SN-13-46 shows some interesting areas of investigation and talent being sought for future developments.